1986: Dionne Warwick, Stevie Wonder, Elton John and Gladys Knight saw their recording of "That's What Friends Are For" hit number 1 in the US. The song was originally on the soundtrack to the movie, Night Shift, as performed by Rod Stewart. Warwick suggested doing it as a duet with Stevie Wonder and then Gladys Knight was added to the mix. To finish off the song, Elton John was asked to sing the final chorus. It became the biggest selling song of the year and all proceeds raised were donated to AIDS research.
1967: 40-year-old David Mason recorded the piccolo trumpet solo for The Beatle's "Penny Lane" at Abbey Road Studios in London. He was paid 27 pounds, 10 shillings ($42) for his performance. In August, 1987, the trumpet he used was sold at a Sotheby's auction for $10,846.
1982: Bertie Higgins' "Key Largo" entered the Billboard Hot 100, where it would reach #8, as well as #1 on the Adult Contemporary chart. The song was inspired by the 1948 film starring Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall. In the UK, it could climb no higher than #60.
1972: "American Pie" hit number one on Billboard's Hot 100. Although Don McLean never actually said so, most assumed he was singing about Buddy Holly's death as "The day the music died". When asked what "American Pie" meant, McLean replied, "It means I never have to work again." He later said "You will find many interpretations of my lyrics, but none of them by me... sorry to leave you all on your own like this, but long ago I realized that songwriters should make their statements and move on, maintaining a dignified silence."
1966: David Jones changes his name to David Bowie to avoid confusion with Davy Jones from the Monkees, just in time for the release of his single, "Can't Help Thinking About Me". He would later say that he chose "Bowie" because he likes that "big American bear-killin' knife."